Scottish Longitudinal Study
Development & Support Unit

Current Projects

Project Title:

Cardiovascular disparities among young adults in Scotland: Linking the Scottish Longitudinal Study from 1991 to 2011

Project Number:



Kai Jin (Edinburgh Napier University)
Dr Iain Atherton (Edinburgh Napier University)

Start Date:



Scotland has a health service that is free to the end user, yet rates of coronary heart disease (CHD) remain high. Because cardiovascular risk factors are strongly associated with socioeconomic disadvantages, we hypothesis social economic disadvantaged people would be more likely to have deteriorating trends for cardiac death.   Therefore, in this study, we aim to examine:

  1. To investigate the role of social and geographical factors in influencing trends in cardiac mortality 1991-2001
  2. To examine the role of social and geographical factors affecting trends in cardiac mortality between young adults and old adults 1991-2001


Organization., W.H. International Classification of Diseases: the international statistical classification of diseases, injuries, and causes of death.; Available from:

Shah, N., et al., Myocardial Infarction in the "Young": Risk Factors, Presentation, Management and Prognosis. Heart Lung Circ, 2016. 25(10): p. 955-60.

Briffa, T.G., et al., Population trends of recurrent coronary heart disease event rates remain high. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes, 2011. 4(1): p. 107-13.

Kotseva, K., et al., Time Trends in Lifestyle, Risk Factor Control, and Use of Evidence-Based Medications in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease in Europe: Results From 3 EUROASPIRE Surveys, 1999-2013. Glob Heart, 2017. 12(4): p. 315-322.e3.

Kotseva, K., et al., Lifestyle and risk factor management in people at high risk of cardiovascular disease. A report from the European Society of Cardiology European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) IV cross-sectional survey in 14 European regions. Eur J Prev Cardiol, 2016. 23(18): p. 2007-2018.

Kotseva, K., et al., EUROASPIRE IV: A European Society of Cardiology survey on the lifestyle, risk factor and therapeutic management of coronary patients from 24 European countries. Eur J Prev Cardiol, 2016. 23(6): p. 636-48.

Nichols, M., et al., Trends in age-specific coronary heart disease mortality in the European Union over three decades: 1980-2009. Eur Heart J, 2013. 34(39): p. 3017-27.

O'Flaherty, M., et al., Coronary heart disease mortality among young adults in Scotland in relation to social inequalities: time trend study. Bmj, 2009. 339: p. b2613.

Lammintausta, A., et al., Socioeconomic inequalities in the morbidity and mortality of acute coronary events in Finland: 1988 to 2002. Ann Epidemiol, 2012. 22(2): p. 87-93.

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