Scottish Longitudinal Study
Development & Support Unit

Current Projects

Project Title:

Understanding Inequality: The effects of changing neighbourhood characteristics on individuals

Project Number:



Dr Meng-Le Zhang (University of Sheffield)
Dr Andrew Bell (University of Sheffield)
Dr David Manley (University of Bristol)
Dr Gurleen Popli (University of Sheffield)
Prof. George Galster (Wayne state University)
Dr Daniel Olner (University of Sheffield)
Dr Guanpeng Dong (University of Liverpool)
Dr Gwilym Owen (University of Sheffield)

Start Date:



This research is part of a large ESRC research grant entitled ‘Understanding Inequalities’ (UI) (project reference: ES/P009301/1) which aims to carry out an ambitious and innovative research programme that will explore the causes and consequences of social inequalities in Scottish society in a much deeper and more joined-up way than has been achieved before. This research will explore how changes in neighbourhood characteristics in Scotland affects the lives of residents within those neighbourhoods. This includes changes in the spatial distribution of poverty around Scottish city centres caused by urban renewal and gentrification (Kavanagh, Lee, & Pryce, 2016).

Research questions:

  • Are changes in the spatial distribution of poverty in Scotland caused by migration or changes in the wealth of residents in poorer neighbourhoods?
  • What are the effects of changing neighbourhood poverty on labour market outcomes for adult SLS members?

What are the effects of changing neighbourhood poverty during childhood on educational attainment for younger SLS members?


Bailey, N., & Minton, J. (2017). The suburbanisation of poverty in British cities, 2004 to 2015/2016: extent, processes and nature. Urban Geography, In press.

Clemens, T., & Dibben, C. (2014). A method for estimating wage, using standardised occupational classifications, for use in medical research in the place of self-reported income. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 14(1), 1–8.

Galster, G., & Hedman, L. (2013). Measuring Neighbourhood Effects Non-experimentally: How Much Do Alternative Methods Matter? Housing Studies, 28(3), 473–498.

Hochstenbach, C., & Musterd, S. (2017). Gentrification and the suburbanization of poverty: changing urban geographies through boom and bust periods. Urban Geography, 0(0), 1–28.

Kavanagh, L., Lee, D., & Pryce, G. (2016). Is Poverty Decentralising? Quantifying Uncertainty in the Decentralisation of Urban Poverty. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 106(6), 1286–1298.

Kleinhans, R., & Van Ham, M. (2013). Lessons Learned From the Largest Tenure-Mix Operation in the World : Right to Buy in the United Kingdom. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and …, 15(2), 101–118. Retrieved from

Kling, J. R., Liebman, J. B., & Katz, L. F. (2007). Experimental analysis of neighborhood effects. Econometrica, 75(1), 83–119.

Kneebone, E., & Berube, A. (2013). Confronting Suburban Poverty in America. Brookings Institution. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. Retrieved from

Musterd, S., Marcińczak, S., van Ham, M., & Tammaru, T. (2016). Socioeconomic segregation in European capital cities. Increasing separation between poor and rich. Urban Geography, 38(7), 1–22.

Related Outputs (viewable on CALLS Hub):

Explore the variables held in the SLS data dictionary.

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