Scottish Longitudinal Study
Development & Support Unit

Completed Projects

From industries to services: Occupational mobility and health in Scotland, England and Wales (2012_001)

Researchers: Eleni Kampanellou, Christopher Dibben, Frank Popham.

The study aims to assess the positive and negative impact of occupational change associated with deindustrialization on health and mortality in Scotland, England and Wales. In particular the project focuses on the population employed in the industrial sector and their transition to other sectors of the economy or unemployment. It... Read more...

Modelling the occupational mobility of return migrants to Scotland 1991-2001 (2010_004)

Researchers: David McCollum, Allan Findlay.

Previous studies have used longitudinal data to investigate the occupational mobility of Scottish migrants in England and of immigrants in Scotland. Findlay et al (2008 and 2009) used the ONS LS to assess the occupational mobility of Scots in the South East of England and found that they enjoy high... Read more...

Social inequalities in avoidable mortality (2009_007)

Researchers: David Pevalin.

Link and Phelan (1995) argue that persistent social inequality is a fundamental cause of disease. The inequalities provide the context for more immediate factors which are often the focus of research and “background” factors such as social inequality are often treated as causally irrelevant. However, the more immediate factors change... Read more...

Exploring the impact of selective migration on the deprivation mortality gap within Greater Glasgow (2009_002)

Researchers: Paul Boyle, Frank Popham, Dermot O'Reilly, Alastair Leyland.

Using data, primarily, from individuals appearing in both the 1991 and 2001 censuses the questions are: Is selective internal migration (within Scotland) responsible for widening socio-economic differences within Greater Glasgow? Have the increasing socio-economic differences within Greater Glasgow’s population been due primarily to a net gain of more deprived individuals... Read more...

Understanding Scottish birth parity – a comparison of different data (2008_012)

Researchers: Paul Boyle, Elspeth Graham, Lee Williamson.

In the UK in recent years there has been a drop in the total fertility rate (TFR) along with a shift in the shape of the age-specific fertility rates (ASFR) which can be explained in the context of birth postponement. For Scotland, as in England, there has been a slight... Read more...

Estimating migration rates in Scotland by ethnic group (2008_011)

Researchers: Helen Brown, Narinder Bansal, Raj Bhopal.

Ethnic variation is striking in health status and disease patterns, health outcomes, and utilisation of health services in the UK and overseas. Quantifying and explaining this variation is essential to identify the health needs of the population and assess the extent to which health care is delivered in a fair... Read more...

How much of Glasgow’s poor health record can be explained by selective migration? (2008_010)

Researchers: Paul Boyle, Frank Popham, Dermot O'Reilly, Alastair Leyland.

Glasgow is one of the least healthy cities in Europe. In 2006 male life expectancy was less than 70 years, the lowest in Britain. The difference between Glasgow and the rest of Scotland has increased and, although Glasgow has become more deprived relative to the rest of Scotland, mortality rates... Read more...

Developing integrated analyses of the England and Wales, Scottish and Northern Ireland Census Longitudinal Studies: health and mortality as a case study (2008_009)

Researchers: Emily Grundy, Paul Boyle, Dermot O'Reilly, Harriet Young.

In the UK there are currently three separate record linkage studies which include census and vital registration data covering England and Wales (the ONS LS), Scotland (Scottish LS) and Northern Ireland (NILS). To date there has been little thought about how integrated projects might be undertaken with these three studies.... Read more...

Healthy life expectancy in Scotland (2008_008)

Researchers: David Bell, Elizabeth Roberts.

In his Independent Review of Free Personal and Nursing Care in Scotland, Lord Sutherland (2008) argues that the Scottish Government should: “Establish long-term vision. Government at all levels should seek to establish a new vision for dealing with the challenge of demographic change, not just looking at long-term care, but... Read more...

Once a NEET always a NEET? Are NEETs (not in education, employment or training) a distinct group or do they change over time and does mobility make a difference? (2008_007)

Researchers: Lin Hattersley, Paul Boyle, Zhiqiang Feng.

‘NEET’s are defined by the Scottish Government as ‘young people aged 16 to 19 and not in education employment or training’ have been identified as a particular issue for Scotland1. It was estimated that 14% of 16 – 19 year olds are NEETs at any one time, but these young... Read more...

Does being widowed increase the risk of death? (2008_006)

Researchers: Paul Boyle, Zhiqiang Feng, Gillian Raab.

Previous studies have consistently uncovered adverse physical and psychological effects following the death of a spouse. Death of a spouse significantly raises a person’s risk of death and poor health. Loss of spouse is not only a stressful event but also leads to loss of social and material support, and... Read more...

Health at older age: comparison of longitudinal data in Scotland and England (2008_005)

Researchers: Tom Clemens, Paul Boyle.

This study aims to look at patterns of health at older age in relation to patterns of labour force participation and informal care. The analysis will focus on individuals aged over 40 in 1991 and will consider health as both an outcome and influence on these two broad issues. The... Read more...

Low fertility in Scotland: An exploration of age at first birth by occupational category and geography (2008_004)

Researchers: Kevin Ralston, Margaret Maxwell, Paul Lambert.

In Scotland the total fertility rate was 1.48 children per woman in 2002, which was well below generational replacement level, lower than that in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, and also lower than the rate in most of European countries. However, it is not clear what socio-economic and geographical factors... Read more...

Adaptive and maladaptive coping in bereaved parents (2008_003)

Researchers: Mairi Harper, Ronan O'Carroll, Rory O'Connor.

Coping with parental grief following the death of a child is considered to be one of the most stressful life events anyone can experience (Miller & Rahe, 1997). Following bereavement, Bereaved Parents (BPs) may find themselves facing further difficulties in life as they adjust to the major change in their... Read more...

Investigating the link between ‘light at night’ (light pollution) and the incidence of hormonal dependent cancers in the Scotland (2008_002)

Researchers: Boris Portnov, Abraham Haim, Itai Kloog.

A recent theory states that excessive exposure to light at night (LAN) may increase the risk of breast cancer. A variety of mechanisms have been proposed including suppression of melatonin secretion by the pineal gland leading to increased tumour growth, effects on immune and thermoregulatory functions and/or direct disruption of... Read more...

Spatial differences in secularisation in Scotland (2008_001)

Researchers: Jasper van Dijck, Peteke Feijten, Paul Boyle.

Western countries are going through a process of cultural change. The growing wealth over the last decades has spurred economic independence for individuals. Their overall dependence on other people and institutions has diminished. The modernization of society and the western ideology of individualism have influence on the demographic composition within... Read more...

The growth of mixed-ethnic unions and their changing geographical distribution between 1991 and 2001 (2007_016)

Researchers: Zhiqiang Feng, Paul Boyle, Maarten van Ham, Gillian Raab.

Previous geographical studies of ethnic minority groups have tended to focus on segregation issues, with some exploring how different groups have become more or less geographically focused through time. One relatively ignored factor that influences the geographical distribution of ethnic minority groups is the growth of mixed-ethnic unions (couples including... Read more...

Neighbourhood change: selective migration versus in situ change (2007_015)

Researchers: Nick Bailey, Mark Livingston.

There is a great deal of academic and policy interest in the dynamics of change for small areas or “neighbourhoods”. Meen et al (2005) have examined the impacts of migration on economic segregation overall while a number of evaluation studies have suggested that selective migration plays a significant role preventing... Read more...

Understanding changes in NS-SEC between census and death (2007_014)

Researchers: Alastair Leyland, Ruth Dundas.

The mismatch between NS-SEC recorded on death records (numerator) and the Census population (denominator) makes it impossible to examine the gradient in mortality across individual socio-economic circumstances with any confidence. At its simplest the problem relates to the proportion of each group (numerator and denominator) that have NS-SEC assigned. At... Read more...

Linkage validation study (2007_013)

Researchers: Ganka Mueller, Lin Hattersley, Susan Wallace, Mary Macdonald, Neil Bowie.

The Ethnicity and Health Study, led by the University of Edinburgh, involves the creation of a database combining information from the 2001 Census and administrative health records in order to study differences by ethnic background in 4 areas of health outcomes: coronary heart disease, cancer, maternity and child health, and... Read more...

Using the SLS to study flows between the economic active and inactive groups and the link with health status (2007_012)

Researchers: Judith Brown, Ewan Macdonald, Phil Hanlon, Ivan Turok, David Webster, James Arnott.

The GCPH provided a grant to explore the IB population in Glasgow. A report was published in July 2007 (ref 1). The report has added considerably to our understanding of the stock IB claimants as well as the differing makeup of the ‘on’ and ‘off’ flow populations. The report showed... Read more...

Time-space geographies and exposure to air pollution: examining the impact of varying exposure to air pollution on the health of adults and birth outcomes (2007_011)

Researchers: Chris Dibben, Zhiqiang Feng, Alison Macfarlane, Tom Clemens.

There is growing evidence that air pollution has adverse effects on human health [1] including a damaging effect on outcomes of pregnancy [2-4]. Most studies have relied on the routine monitoring of air pollution from a few stations and then extrapolated their data across large areas. These studies rely on... Read more...

Housing tenure change 1991-2001 in Scotland, Glasgow Conurbation and Glasgow City (2007_009)

Researchers: Jan Freeke, David Webster.

Background information to the present study can be found on the Glasgow City Council website: http://www.glasgow.gov.uk/en/Business/Housing/HousingStrategy/  [no longer available] The Glasgow City Local Housing Strategy has to be updated and an assessment of social housing demand in Glasgow for the period to 2019 is a crucial component in this update.... Read more...

Sectarianism in Scotland (2007_008)

Researchers: Christopher Holligan.

Steve Bruce et al (Edinburgh University Press, 2004) present analyses of the Scottish Social Attitudes Survey (2001), arguing that in the early part of the 20th century disagreement over religion did manifest itself in choice of marriage partners. With the growth of the Irish Catholic middle class with people becoming... Read more...

Post-partum psychiatric illness in Scotland 1991-2001 (2007_007)

Researchers: Rosaline S. Barbour.

There have been four previous studies looking at hospital admissions due to post-partum mental illness. The most relevant of these is Kendell et al (1987) which used admissions to the Royal Edinburgh Hospital over an eight year period. Some limited social data were available from the hospital records. The rates... Read more...

Residential location, migration and occupational achievement in Scotland 1991-2001 (2007_005)

Researchers: Maarten van Ham, Allan Findlay.

Research consistently shows that residential location and migration are important in understanding labour careers. The idea is that residential location is instrumental in occupational achievement. Those who live on a location with good access to employment opportunities are most likely to experience upward job mobility. In addition it can be... Read more...

Health and social mobility between 1991 and 2001 (2007_004)

Researchers: Gillian Raab, Paul Boyle, Lin Hattersley.

The ONS LS data have been widely used to investigate health- related social mobility. Most relevant to this application is the work of Bartley and Plewis (1997) which investigated the relationships between limiting long term illness (LLTI) in 1991 and related it to changes in social class for men in... Read more...

Permanent sickness, returning to employment and health (2007_003)

Researchers: Frank Popham.

The UK Government is presently reforming the benefits system for people of working age who because of ill health are economically inactive [1]. The aim of the reform is to encourage people back into the labour market. Even though the UK has seen a decline in rates of unemployment in... Read more...

Regional patterns of teenage births in relation to social factors and educational and social outcomes for young women following a teenage birth (2007_002)

Researchers: Gillian Raab, Lin Hattersley, Marion Henderson.

There is considerable interest in factors affecting teenage conceptions and births and national data are presented and interpreted in detail for England and Wales by the Teenage Pregnancy Unit and in Scotland by ISD. These national data tell us relatively little about the characteristics of young women who experience these... Read more...

Marital status, health and mortality: the role of living arrangement (2007_001)

Researchers: Paul Boyle, Peteke Feijten, Gillian Raab, Lin Hattersley.

It is widely known that being married lowers the risk of dying, and in a number of previous studies the protective effects have been shown to be greater for men than women. However, we have begun to investigate whether it is marriage, or living with others, which is protective for... Read more...

 

 

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